Shield of Costa Rica

Discover Costa Rica’s shield and the curious symbology of the multiple, characteristic elements that form it

Shield of Costa Rica
Shield of Costa Rica

Costa Rica’s shield was promulgated on September 29, 1848, when José María Castro Madriz was the Republic’s President, together with the current national flag. Its modern look is due to some remodelations related to territorial changes.

The fact that it is in a golden frame that represents a coffee bean symbolises this good as a golden-like product in the country. The other elements are also characteristic of the Costa Rican history and geography, for example, the three smoking volcanoes that represent the three main mountain ranges of the country, and a big valley between two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, in the country’s west and east coast respectively. The presence of a merchant vessel relates to the country’s maritime history and its trading with other nations. The rising sun in the horizon’s left side symbolizes the prosperity of a new Republic while the seven white stars in a semicircle are a reference to the seven Costa Rican provinces. The upper part has a blue ribbon with the inscription “América Central” in golden letters and two crossed myrtle branches representing peace linked by the inscription “República de Costa Rica” in bright letters.

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